Đề luyện thi vào Lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh - Đề 77 (Có đáp án)

Choose the best answer

21: Had I studied harder, I_________________better in the last exam.

  A. would do                             B. would have done       C. had done                    D. wouldn’t have done

22: The larger the apartment, the __________________ the rent is.

    A. expensive                         B. more expensive          C. expensively                  D. most expensive

23: Nam wanted to know what time _______.

      A. the movie began               B. the movie begins        C. does the movie begin    D. did the movie begin

24: On attaining maximum size, ______ by drawing itself out and dividing into two daughter amoebas, each receiving identical nuclear materials.

     A. the reproduction of the amoeba                                B. the amoeba, which reproduces

     C. reproducing the amoeba                                           D. the amoeba reproduces

25: Lenses, ____________, are used to correct imperfections in eyesight.

    A. are the forms of glasses and contact lenses               B. in the form of glasses and contact lenses

    C. glasses and contact lenses which form                      D.  glasses and contact lenses may be formed

26:Tim: “____________”           – Jeycy: “Certainly”
     A. Welcome back!        B. What are you doing there?  C. I’m sorry I am late                  D. May I borrow a pencil , please?
27: Jane:“Would you mind if I use you computer for an hour?”    Tony:”________”

A. Not at all. I’ve finished my job                                B. Yes, you can use it.

     C. Of course not. I still need it now                 D. Yes, It’s all right.

28: Thanks to the laser beams, at last, he could get rid of the __________birthmark on his face.

     A. normal                               B. abnormal                    C. abnormality               D. abnormally

29: That beautiful girl died of an________ morphine.

    A. overweight                        B. overhear                     C. overdo                       D. overdose

30: We usually do go by train, even though the car _________ is a lot quicker.

A. travel                                 B. journey                      C. trip                             D. voyage

31: I suggest the room ………………..before Christmas.

A. be decorated                  B. is decorated                 C. were decorated             D. should decorate

32:        “What’s the matter? You don’t look very well.”        – “I feel a little .....................”

A. out of the blue                        C. out of order                B. under the weather      D. under the impression

33: I know we had an arguement, but now I'd quite like to _________.

        A. look down                 B. make up                     C. fall out                       D. bring up

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  1. ENGLISH PRACTICE 77 Mark the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions. 1: A. adventure B. future C. mature D. figure 2: A. young B. plough C. couple D. cousin 3: A. open B. happen C. offer D. begin 4: A. difficulty B. simplicity C. discovery D. commodity 5: A. obligatory B. geographical C. international D. undergraduate 6: A. represent B. discover C. experience D. adventure 7: A. curriculum B. obstinacy C. historical D. tremendous 8: A. confetti B. confidence C. comrade D. conference 9: A. inexpensive B. psychiatry C. patriotic D. scientific 10: A. emission B. encounter C. impudence D. outnumber Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction. 11. (A)The most butterfly eggs are coated (B)with a sticky substance that (C)holds them (D)to plants. 12. Ancient people made (A) a clay pottery (B) because they needed (C) it for (D) their survival. 13. (A) Some of the plants in this store require very (B) little care, but this one needs (C) much more sunlight than the (D) others ones 14. The bus (A) was plenty of people who had spent (B) many a happy hour in the stores (C) doing (D) their Christmas shopping. 15. (A) In the human body, blood flows from (B) a heart through the (C) arteries and it returns through (D) the veins. 16. As a child grows (A) on, its physical health (B) is affected (C) by (D) many elements in the air, water and food. 16: Among the (A) world’s 44 (B) richest countries, (C) there has been (D) not war since 1945. 17: Educational films are made for (A) schools, training films for industry; documentary films present (B) fact events (C) or circumstances of social, political, or historical nature (D). 18: The carpenters tried to (A) join together the pieces of the (B) broken beam, but (C) found it impossible (D) to do. 19: A (A) smile can be observed, described, and reliably (B) identify; it can also be elicited and manipulated under (C) experimental (D) conditions. 20: (A) After the rain had (B) let out, the Mitchells (C) continued (D) their hike up the mountain. Choose the best answer 21: Had I studied harder, I___better in the last exam. A. would doB. would have done C. had done D. wouldn’t have done 22: The larger the apartment, the ___ the rent is. A. expensive B. more expensive C. expensively D. most expensive 23: Nam wanted to know what time ___. A. the movie began B. the movie begins C. does the movie begin D. did the movie begin 24: On attaining maximum size, ___ by drawing itself out and dividing into two daughter amoebas, each receiving identical nuclear materials. A. the reproduction of the amoeba B. the amoeba, which reproduces C. reproducing the amoeba D. the amoeba reproduces 25: Lenses, ___, are used to correct imperfections in eyesight. A. are the forms of glasses and contact lenses B. in the form of glasses and contact lenses C. glasses and contact lenses which form D. glasses and contact lenses may be formed 26:Tim: “___” – Jeycy: “Certainly” A. Welcome back! B. What are you doing there? C. I’m sorry I am late D. May I borrow a pencil , please? 27: Jane:“Would you mind if I use you computer for an hour?” Tony:”___” A. Not at all. I’ve finished my job B. Yes, you can use it. C. Of course not. I still need it now D. Yes, It’s all right. 28: Thanks to the laser beams, at last, he could get rid of the ___birthmark on his face. A. normal B. abnormal C. abnormality D. abnormally 29: That beautiful girl died of an___ morphine. A. overweight B. overhear C. overdo D. overdose 30: We usually do go by train, even though the car ___ is a lot quicker. A. travel B. journey C. trip D. voyage 31: I suggest the room before Christmas. A. be decorated B. is decorated C. were decorated D. should decorate 32: “What’s the matter? You don’t look very well.” – “I feel a little ” A. out of the blue C. out of order B. under the weather D. under the impression 33: I know we had an arguement, but now I'd quite like to ___. A. look down B. make up C. fall out D. bring up 34: Nowadays women ___the same wages as men A.should pay B.will be paid C.will pay D.should be paid 35. he was kidnapped by the Iraqi guerrillas yesterday has been confirmed. A. What B. If C. That D. Ø
  2. 36. The conference was organized for all of the teachers in the city. A. history B. historic C. historical D. historian 37: In the ___ of proof, the police could not take action against the man. A. lack B. shortage C. want D. absence 38. He never his word A. goes back on B. puts up with C. makes up for D. goes down with 39. Someone .here recently: these ashes are still warm. A. should be B. had to be C. must have been D. might have been 40: As an adult, I am independent ___ my parents financially. A.on B. of C. out D. with 41: Environmentalists are earnestly trying to determine ___ of the ozone layer over the poles. A. what is causing the deterioration B. what the cause of the deterioration C. is causing the deterioration D. the deterioration is causing 42: The bank sent a notice to its customers which contained___ Ạ. A remembrance that interest rates were to rise the following month B. A reminder that a raise in interest rates was the month following C. To remember that the interest rates was going up next month D. A reminder that the interest rates would raise the following month 43. The smell of the sea him to his childhood. A. took back B. brought back C. reminded of D. called off 44. We don’t sell foreign newspapers because there is no . for them A. request B. requirement C. claim D. demand 45. The problem is difficult, therefore . students could answer it. A. a great number of B. a lot of C. few D. a few 46: Different cultures ___ dreams in different ways. A. associate B. interpret C. interfere D. express 47: Max is not a(n) ___ drinker but he likes a glass of wine occasionally. A. addict B. drunk C. heavy D. obsessed 48: “What’s the matter? You don’t look very well.” – “I feel a little ___.” A. out of the blue B. under the weather C. out of order D. under the impression 49. Sometimes life must be very unpleasant for near the airport. A. people live B. those living C. someone to live D. they who live 50. The professor complimented a grade 1 pupil .his good achievement. A. about B. on C. for D. due to 51: The delay to the flight was brought ___ by bad weather. A. about B. in C. up D. down 52: When you do something, you should ___. A. weigh up the pros and cons C. go down well with C. get through to D. turn over a new leaf 53. The road in front of my house is in great need A. repairing B. to be repaired C. of repair D. of being repaired. 54: I’ll be taking an English exam next Monday. A. sitting (for) B. writing C. failing D. giving 55: Although John’s grandmother passed away many years ago, he still holds her in fond ___. A. nostalgia B. sentiment C. memorial D. remembrance 56: Emperor Nero of Egypt was one ___ ruler in history who was cruel to his subjects. A.unusual B. exceptional C. infamous D. odd 57: This encyclopedia is no good: it’s completely out of ___. A.time B. date C. age D. hours 58: Let’s not decide yet where to stop on the journey – we’ll just play it by ___ and see how we feel. A. lip B. eye C. ear D. hand 59: The film starts in half an hour. We really must be making ___. A. up for B. a move C. believe D. mess 60: ___ should a young child be allowed to play with fireworks without adult supervision A. Under no circumstances B. No sooner than C. Always D. Only when Read the following passage and indicate the correct word for each of the blanks. The traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. In modern contexts, the word refers to reading and writing at a level (61) ___ for communication, or at a level that lets one understand and communicate ideas in a literate society,' so as to take (62) ___ in that society. The United Nations, Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has drafted the following definition: “Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written' materials (63) ___ with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an Individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his, or her (64) ___ and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society."
  3. Many policy analysts consider literacy rates a crucial measure of a region's human capital. This claim is made on the (65) ___ that literate people can be trained less expensively than illiterate people, generally have a higher socio-economic (66) ___ and enjoy better health and employment prospects. Policy makers also argue that literacy increases job opportunities and access to higher education. In Kerala, India, for example, female and child mortality rates declined (67) ___ in the 1960s, when girls who were educated in the education reforms after 1948 began to raise families. Recent researchers, (68)___, argue that correlations such as, the one listed above may have more to do with the effects of schooling rather than literacy in general. Regardless, the (69) ___ of educational systems worldwide includes a basic (70) ___ around communication through test and print, which is the foundation of most definitions of literacy. 61. A. important B. adequate C. adaptable D. suitable 62. A. control B. comfort C. part D. honor 63. A. associated B. worked C. appropriated D. related 64. A. ability B. knowledge C. behavior D. performance 65. A. basics B. ways C. foundations D. grounds 66. A. status B. request C. condition D. state 67. A. actually B. dramatically C. extremely D. accurately 68. A. therefore B. however C. consequently D. additionally 69. A. main B. majority C. focus D. demand 70. A. concept B. content C. contact D. context Read the following passage and indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Bringing up children Where one stage of child development has been left out, or not sufficiently experienced, the child may have to go back and capture the experience of it. A good home makes this possible - for example, by providing the opportunity for the child to play with a clockwork car or toy railway train up to any age if he still needs to do so. This principle, in fact, underlies all psychological treatment of children in difficulties with their development, and is the basic of work in child clinics. The beginnings of discipline are in the nursery. Even the youngest baby is taught by gradual stages to wait for food, to sleep and wake at regular intervals and so on. If the child feels the world around him is a warm and friendly one, he slowly accepts its rhythm and accustoms himself to conforming to its demands. Learning to wait for things, particularly for food, is a very important element in upbringing, and is achieved successfully only if too great demands are not made before the child can understand them. Every parent watches eagerly the child's acquisition of each new skill: the first spoken words, the first independent steps, or the beginning of reading and writing. It is often tempting to hurry the child beyond his natural learning rate, but this can set up dangerous feelings of failure and states of anxiety in the child. This might happen at any stage. A baby might be forced to use a toilet too early, a young child might be encouraged to learn to read before he knows the meaning of the words he reads. On the other hand, though, if a child is left alone too much, or without any learning opportunities, he loses his natural zest for life and his desire to find out new things for himself. Learning together is a fruitful source of relationship between children and parents. By playing together, parents learn more about their children and children learn more from their parents. Toys and games which both parents and children can share are an important means of achieving this co-operation. Building-block toys, jigsaw puzzles and crosswords are good examples. Parents vary greatly in their degree of strictness or indulgence towards their children. Some may be especially strict in money matters; others are severe over times of coming home at night, punctuality for meals or personal cleanliness. In general, the controls imposed represent the needs of the parents and the values of the community as much as the child's own happiness and well-being. With regard to the development of moral standards in the growing child, consistency is very important in parental teaching. To forbid a thing one day and excuse it the next is no foundation for morality. Also, parents should realize that “example is better than precept”. If they are hypocritical and do not practise what they preach, their children may grow confused and emotionally insecure when they grow old enough to think for themselves, and realize they have been, to some extent, deceived. A sudden awareness of a marked difference between their parents' ethics and their morals can be a dangerous disillusion. 71. The principle underlying all treatment of developmental difficulties in children ___. A. is in the provision of clockwork toys and trains B. is to send them to clinics C. is to capture them before they are sufficiently experienced D. offers recapture of earlier experiences 72. Learning to wait for things is successfully taught ___. A. in spite of excessive demands being made B. only if excessive demands are avoided C. because excessive demands are not advisable D. is achieved successfully by all children 73: The encouragement of children to achieve new skills ___. A. should be focused on only at school B. can never be taken too far C. will always assist their development D. should be balanced and moderate 74: Parental controls and discipline ___. A. serve a dual purpose B. are designed to promote the child’s happiness C. reflect only the values of the community D. should be avoided as far as possible 75: The practice of the rule “Example is better than precept” ___. A. only works when the children grow old enough to think for themselves B. would help avoid the necessity for ethics and morals
  4. C. will free a child from disillusion when he grows up D. is too difficult for all parents to exercise 76: In the 1st paragraph, the author lays some emphasis on the role of the ___ in helping the child in trouble. A. psychiatrists B. community C. family D. nursery 77: The phrase ‘conforming to’ in the 2nd paragraph means ___. A. adapting to B. accepting C. agreeing with D. following 78: The word ‘zest’ in the 2nd paragraph can be best replaced by ___. A. appetite B. excitement C. enthusiasm D. enjoyment 79: The word ‘imposed’ in the 4th paragraph is closest in meaning to ___. A. excepted B. introduced C. made D. constrained 80: Hypocrisy on the part of the parents may ___. A. result in their children’s wrong behaviour B. make their children lose faith in them C. disqualify their teachings altogether D. impair their children’s mind Read the following passage and indicate the correct answer to each of the questions. Ocean water plays an indispensable role in supporting life. The great ocean basins hold about 300 million cubic miles of water. From this vast amount, about 80,000 cubic miles of water are sucked into the atmosphere each year by evaporation and returned by precipitation and drainage to the ocean. More than 24,000 cubic miles of rain descend annually upon the continents. This vast amount is required to replenish the lakes and streams, springs and water tables on which all flora and fauna are dependent. Thus, the hydrosphere permits organic existence. The hydrosphere has strange characteristics because water has properties unlike those of any other liquid. One anomaly is that water upon freezing expands by about 9 percent, whereas most liquids contract on cooling. For this reason, ice floats on water bodies instead of sinking to the bottom. If the ice sank, the hydrosphere would soon be frozen solidly, except for a thin layer of surface melt water during the summer season. Thus, all aquatic life would be destroyed and the interchange of warm and cold currents, which moderates climate, would be notably absent. Another outstanding charateristic of water is that water has a heat capacity which is the highest of all liquids and solids except ammonia. This characterisitc enables the oceans to absorb and store vast quantities of heat, thereby often preventing climatic extremes. In addition, water dissolves more substances than any other liquid. It is this characteristic which helps make oceans a great storehouse for minerals which have been washed down from the continents. In several areas of the world these minerals are being commercially exploited. Solar evaporation of salt is widely practised, potash is extracted from the Dead Sea, and magnesium is produced from sea water along the American Gulf Coast. 81: The author’s main purpose in this passage is to ___. A. illustrate the importance of conserving water B. describe the properties and uses of water C. compare water with other liquids D. explain how water is used in commerce and industry 82: The phrase “this vast amount” in line 4 of paragraph 1 refers to ___ . A. 80,000 million cubic miles of water B. 24,000 cubic miles of rain C. 80,000 cubic miles of water D. 300 million cubic miles of water 83: The word “replenish” in paragraph 1 can best replaced by ___ . A. fill again B. replace C. evaporate D. form 84: According to the passage, fish can survive in the oceans because ___ . A. evaporation and condensation create a water cycle B. there are currents in the oceans C. they do not need oxygen D. ice floats 85: Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a characterisitic of water? A. Water can absorb heat B. Water is good solvent. C. Water contracts on cooling D. Water expands when it is frozen 86: The word “outstanding” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___ A. exceptionally good B. special C. amusing D. important 87: According the passage, the hydrosphere is NOT ___ . A. the part of the earth covered by water B. responsible for all forms of life C. in danger of freezing over D. a source of natural resources 88: The author’s tone in the passage can best be described as ___ . A. dispassionate B. speculative C. biased D. dogmatic 89: The author organizes the passage by ___. A. juxtaposition of true and untrue ideas B. comparison and contrast C. general statement followed by examples D. hypothesis and proof 90: Which of the following statements would be the most likely to begin the paragraph immediately following the passage? A. Water has the ability to erode land B. Droughts and flooding are two types of disasters associated with water C. Another remarkably property of ice is its strength D. Magnesium is widely used in metallurgical processes the end Good luck