Đề luyện thi vào Lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh - Đề 80 (Có đáp án)

Part 1: Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space. For each question, circle letter A, B, C or D next to the answer you choose. (10 points)

             If you’re an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-way society. But there seems little  (1)_____ it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastic has brought enormous (2)_____ even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental (3)_____ – it’s the way society choose to use and  (4)_____ them.

Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas or coal – non-renewable natural  (5)_____ We (6)_____ well over three million tones of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high  (7)_____ of our annual consumption is in the  (8)_____ of packaging, and this  (9)_____ about seven per cent by weight of our domestic (10)_____ Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, though the plastic recycling (11)_____ is growing fast.

The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich – they have a higher calorific (12)_____ than coal and one  (13)_____ of ‘recovery’ strongly  (14)_____ by the plastic manufacturers is the  (15)_____ of waste plastic into a fuel.

1. A. evidence                             B. concern                      C. doubt                          D. likelihood

2. A. pleasures                            B. benefits                      C. savings                       D. profits

3. A. poison                                 B. disaster                      C. disadvantage              D. evil

4. A. dispose                                B. store                           C. endanger                    D. abuse

5. A. resources                            B. processes                   C. products                     D. fuels

6. A. remove                               B. import                        C. consign                       D. consume

7. A. portion                                B. amount                       C. proportion                  D. rate

8. A. way                                     B. kind                            C form                            D. type

9. A. takes                                   B. makes                         C. carries                        D. constitutes

10. A. refuse                                B. goods                          C. requirements                          D. rubble

11. A. manufacture                     B. plant                           C. factory                        D. industry

12. A. degree                              B. value                          C. demand                      D. effect

13. A. measure                            B. mechanism                C. method                       D. medium

14. A. desired                              B. argued                        C. favored                       D. presented

15. A. conversion                        B. melting                       C. change                       D. replacement

docx 6 trang Thúy Anh 03/08/2023 320
Bạn đang xem tài liệu "Đề luyện thi vào Lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh - Đề 80 (Có đáp án)", để tải tài liệu gốc về máy hãy click vào nút Download ở trên.

File đính kèm:

  • docxde_luyen_thi_vao_lop_10_chuyen_tieng_anh_de_80_co_dap_an.docx

Nội dung text: Đề luyện thi vào Lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh - Đề 80 (Có đáp án)

  1. ENGLISH PRACTICE 80 I. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR Part 1: Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) which best completes each sentence. (10 points) 1. The school was closed for a month because of serious ___ of fever. A. outcome B. outburst C. outset D. outbreak 2. The campaign raised far more than the ___ of $20.000. A. aim B. object C. goal D. target 3. We have a ___ future ahead with little comfort, food or hope. A. cruel B. pessimistic C. grim D. fierce 4. Only thoroughly unpleasant people leave the ___ of their picnics to spoil the appearance of the countryside. A. rest B. remainder C. remains D. rester 5. An almost ___ line of traffic was moving at a snail’s pace through the town. A. continuous B. constant C. continual D. stopping 6. Medieval travelers’ tales of fantastic creatures were often fascinating but not always ___ A. credible B. creditable C. credulous D. imaginable 7. Don’t be late for the interview, ___ people will think you are a disorganized person. A. unless B. otherwise C. if not D. or so 8. My friends have just moved to a new flat in a residential area on the ___ of Paris. A. suburbs B. outside C. outskirts D. side 9. You are being thoroughly ___ in refusing to allow this ceremony to take place. A. unrequited B. unrepresentative C. unreliable D. unreasonable 10. “But so”, I told him, “you are my own ___.” A. heart and heart B. body and soul C. flesh and blood D. skin and bone Part 2: Use the word in capitals at the end of these sentences to form a word that fits in the blank space. (20 points) 1. How much does ___ of this club cost? (MEMBER) 2. She is extremely ___ about the history of art. (KNOW) 3. Traveling in big cities is becoming more and more ___ every day. (TROUBLE) 4. He is completely ___ ! Not only is he lazy but he is dishonest too. (EMPLOY) 5. His boss told him off because he had behaved ___ (RESPONSIBLE) 6. He won the discus event at the Olympic Games but was later ___ when a medical check proved that he had been taking drugs. (QUALIFY) 7. Women who are slimming can never enjoy a meal without being afraid of ___ their diet. (ORGANISE) 8. The trouble with Mr. Brown is that he’s so ___ One minute he goes mad when you come late; the next he says nothing. You never know where you are! (CONSIST) 9. It is forbidden to hunt for that kind of bird. It has been listed as one of the ___ species (DANGER) 10. I didn’t know who it was – with a mask on she was completely ___(RECONGNISE) Part 3: Complete each sentence with one of the idiomatic phrases given. Use each phrase once only. (8 points) gave me the cold shoulder lost her head made her blood boil jumped out of her skin had a lump in her throat kept her head took her breath away pulled her legs 1. Pauline completely ignored me this morning. She ___ 2. It really ___ to see her friend copy a poem she had written and then present it to her boyfriend as one that she had written for him. 3. Saying goodbye to her son was a very emotional occasion for her and she ___ as she watched him get on the train. 4. The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely fantastic. It really ___ 5. Susan panicked when the fire broke out. She ___ 6. When I dropped that tray behind her, she got a shock. She almost ___ 7. My sister remained very calm. She ___ 8. Sally didn’t believe us, did she? We only joked! We only ___! Part 4: Put each verb given in brackets into an appropriate tense or form. (17 points) 1. Mr. Pike, who is supposed __ ___ (witness) the accident, ___ (leave) the town. 1. At this time next week they __ ___ _ (sit) in the train on their way to Paris.
  2. 2. He said that he watered the plants every day. He __ ___ ___ _ (water) them. If he ___ ___ _ (have), they wouldn’t have died. 3. No sooner— ___ the announcement __ ___ (make) than everyone started complaining. 4. They said they never __ ___ _ (make) to do anything they didn’t want to before. 5. We __ ___ ___ _ (watch) the play for nearly thirty minutes when he came. 6. The pop star who __ ___ _ (take) part in over 25 films always avoids _being recognized_ (recognise) by __ ___ (wear) dark glasses. 7. There’s no point _ ___ _ (try) to get Tim __ ___ _ (lend) you his car. 8. Not until John ___ __ (receive) the offer of promotion in writing ___ he ___ (celebrate) 9. He __ ___ _ (have) trouble with the second-hand car since he bought it. He wishes he __ ___ ___ _ (not / buy) it. II. READING Part 1: Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space. For each question, circle letter A, B, C or D next to the answer you choose. (10 points) If you’re an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-way society. But there seems little (1)___ it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastic has brought enormous (2)___ even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental (3)___ – it’s the way society choose to use and (4)___ them. Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas or coal – non-renewable natural (5)___ We (6)___ well over three million tones of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high (7)___ of our annual consumption is in the (8)___ of packaging, and this (9)___ about seven per cent by weight of our domestic (10)___ Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, though the plastic recycling (11)___ is growing fast. The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich – they have a higher calorific (12)___ than coal and one (13)___ of ‘recovery’ strongly (14)___ by the plastic manufacturers is the (15)___ of waste plastic into a fuel. 1. A. evidence B. concern C. doubt D. likelihood 2. A. pleasures B. benefits C. savings D. profits 3. A. poison B. disaster C. disadvantage D. evil 4. A. dispose B. store C. endanger D. abuse 5. A. resources B. processes C. products D. fuels 6. A. remove B. import C. consign D. consume 7. A. portion B. amount C. proportion D. rate 8. A. way B. kind C form D. type 9. A. takes B. makes C. carries D. constitutes 10. A. refuse B. goods C. requirements D. rubble 11. A. manufacture B. plant C. factory D. industry 12. A. degree B. value C. demand D. effect 13. A. measure B. mechanism C. method D. medium 14. A. desired B. argued C. favored D. presented 15. A. conversion B. melting C. change D. replacement Part 2: Read the following text and then fill in each gap with ONE suitable word. (10 points) I was reading an article last week in (1)__ ___ _ the writer described (2) _ ___ _ her children has changed as they (3)_ ___ up. When they were small she had to (4)_ ___ __ up with noisy games in the house, or join in interminable games of football in the garden which (5)__ ___ __ her out. If the house went quiet, she wondered what the monsters were getting up to, or what crisis she would have to (6)_ ___ _ with next. She dreaded the fact that they might (7)_ ___ _ after her husband, who admitted having (8)__ ___ __ an uncontrollable child who (9)_ ___ most of the time showing off to his friends by breaking things or getting into fights. What was worse was that (10)__ ___ _ else thought he was a sweet child, and he got away with the most terrible things! However, she had experienced an even greater shocked with her children. They had (11)_ ___ _ out of all their naughty behavior, and (12)__ ___ __ up serious hobbies (13)__ ___ as chess and playing the piano. They never did anything without (14)__ ___ __ it over first, and coming to a serious decision. She had to face up to the fact that they made her feel rather childish as they got (15)_ ___ __, and that in some ways she preferred them when they were young and noisy. Part 3: The paragraphs of the magazine article are in the wrong order. Number the paragraphs (A, B, C, D, E) (5 points)
  3. 4. A. On the ghost of Chaffin’s second visit to his son, he told him that he would find a will in the overcoat pocket. The coat was actually in the possession of the third brother. 2. B. In 1921, a certain James Chaffin died, leaving his entire fortune to his third son, Marshal, in a will which had been written a full fifteen years earlier, in 1905, and signed in front of witnesses. His wife and two other sons were virtually cut off without a penny. Marshal was not inclined to split up the inheritance he had come into any more fairly. 5 .C. Once it was found, they came across a note sewn in the lining of one of the pockets saying they should look in an old family Bible. This Bible was found in the keeping of Chaffin’s widow and examined in front of independent witnesses. Sure enough, there in the Bible they discovered a later version of the will, one which divided the property and money evenly between the widow and the three sons. The will appeared to be genuine and Marshal was not prepared to challenge it in court. 1. D. Some people believe that the dead still keep in touch with us through our dreams. One of the most famous and extraordinary cases of contact with the dead was the so-called Chaffin Will affair. 3. E. Four years went by and then, strangely, James Chaffin’s ghost started to appear before one of his other two sons. The apparition had on an old overcoat which had often worn in life. III. WRITING Part 1: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it. (20 points) 1. Immediately after his appointment to the post, the new editor fell ill. Scarcely ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 2. I left without saying goodbye as I didn’t want to disturb the meeting. Rather ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 3. The value of sterling has fallen considerably in the past week. There has ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 4. The only reason the party was a success was that a famous film star attended. Had it not ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 5. Harriet was upset because she saw Peter with another woman. It was ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 6. We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful. Much to ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 7. People no longer smoke so many cigarettes as they used to. The ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 8. Their relationship was doomed because of their incompatibility. Had ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 9. You should admit that you are to blame, not to conceal it. I’d rather ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 10. If she had been less determined she wouldn’t have been able to get better so quickly. It was her ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ ___
  4. KEYS I. VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR Part 1: Choose the word or phrase (A, B, C or D) which best completes each sentence. (10 points) 11. The school was closed for a month because of serious ___ of fever. A. outcome B. outburst C. outset D. outbreak 12. The campaign raised far more than the ___ of $20.000. A. aim B. object C. goal D. target 13. We have a ___ future ahead with little comfort, food or hope. A. cruel B. pessimistic C. grim D. fierce 14. Only thoroughly unpleasant people leave the ___ of their picnics to spoil the appearance of the countryside. A. rest B. remainder C. remains D. rester 15. An almost ___ line of traffic was moving at a snail’s pace through the town. A. continuous B. constant C. continual D. stopping 16. Medieval travelers’ tales of fantastic creatures were often fascinating but not always ___ A. credible B. creditable C. credulous D. imaginable 17. Don’t be late for the interview, ___ people will think you are a disorganized person. A. unless B. otherwise C. if not D. or so 18. My friends have just moved to a new flat in a residential area on the ___ of Paris. A. suburbs B. outside C. outskirts D. side 19. You are being thoroughly ___ in refusing to allow this ceremony to take place. A. unrequited B. unrepresentative C. unreliable D. unreasonable 20. “But so”, I told him, “you are my own ___.” A. heart and heart B. body and soul C. flesh and blood D. skin and bone Part 2: Use the word in capitals at the end of these sentences to form a word that fits in the blank space. (20 points) 11. How much does ___ of this club cost? (MEMBER) SHIP 12. She is extremely ___ about the history of art. (KNOW) LEDGEABLE 13. Traveling in big cities is becoming more and more ___ every day. (TROUBLE) SOME 14. He is completely ___ ! Not only is he lazy but he is dishonest too. UN (EMPLOY) ABLE 15. His boss told him off because he had behaved ___ IR (RESPONSIBLE) LY 16. He won the discus event at the Olympic Games but was later ___ when a medical check proved that he had been taking drugs. DIS (QUALIFY) IED 17. Women who are slimming can never enjoy a meal without being afraid of ___ their diet. DIS (ORGANISE) ING 18. The trouble with Mr. Brown is that he’s so ___ One minute he goes mad when you come late; the next he says nothing. You never know where you are! IN (CONSIST) ENT 19. It is forbidden to hunt for that kind of bird. It has been listed as one of the ___ species EN (DANGER) ED 20. I didn’t know who it was – with a mask on she was completely ___ UN (RECONGNISE) ABLE Part 3: Complete each sentence with one of the idiomatic phrases given. Use each phrase once only. (8 points) gave me the cold shoulder lost her head made her blood boil jumped out of her skin had a lump in her throat kept her head took her breath away pulled her legs 9. Pauline completely ignored me this morning. She ___ 10. It really ___ to see her friend copy a poem she had written and then present it to her boyfriend as one that she had written for him. 11. Saying goodbye to her son was a very emotional occasion for her and she ___ as she watched him get on the train. 12. The view from the top of the mountain was absolutely fantastic. It really ___ 13. Susan panicked when the fire broke out. She ___ 14. When I dropped that tray behind her, she got a shock. She almost ___ 15. My sister remained very calm. She ___ 16. Sally didn’t believe us, did she? We only joked! We only ___! Part 4: Put each verb given in brackets into an appropriate tense or form. (17 points) 2. Mr. Pike, who is supposed __to have witnessed_ (witness) the accident, __has left_ (leave) the town. 10. At this time next week they __will be sitting_ (sit) in the train on their way to Paris.
  5. 11. He said that he watered the plants every day. He __ couldn’t have watered _ (water) them. If he __ had _ (have), they wouldn’t have died. 12. No sooner—had the announcement __been made (make) than everyone started complaining. 13. They said they never __had never been made_ (make) to do anything they didn’t want to before. 14. We __had been watching_ (watch) the play for nearly thirty minutes when he came. 15. The pop star who __has taken_ (take) part in over 25 films always avoids _being recognized_ (recognise) by __wearing_ (wear) dark glasses. 16. There’s no point _trying__ (try) to get Tim __to_ (lend) you his car. 17. Not until John _(had) received__ (receive) the offer of promotion in writing did he ___ (celebrate) 18. He __has had_ (have) trouble with the second-hand car since he bought it. He wishes he __hadn’t bought_ (not / buy) it. II. READING Part 1: Read the text below and choose the correct word for each space. For each question, circle letter A, B, C or D next to the answer you choose. (10 points) If you’re an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-way society. But there seems little (1)___ it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastic has brought enormous (2)___ even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental (3)___ – it’s the way society choose to use and (4)___ them. Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas or coal – non-renewable natural (5)___ We (6)___ well over three million tones of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high (7)___ of our annual consumption is in the (8)___ of packaging, and this (9)___ about seven per cent by weight of our domestic (10)___ Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, though the plastic recycling (11)___ is growing fast. The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich – they have a higher calorific (12)___ than coal and one (13)___ of ‘recovery’ strongly (14)___ by the plastic manufacturers is the (15)___ of waste plastic into a fuel. 1. A. evidence B. concern C. doubt D. likelihood 2. A. pleasures B. benefits C. savings D. profits 3. A. poison B. disaster C. disadvantage D. evil 4. A. dispose B. store C. endanger D. abuse 5. A. resources B. processes C. products D. fuels 6. A. remove B. import C. consign D. consume 7. A. portion B. amount C. proportion D. rate 8. A. way B. kind C form D. type 9. A. takes B. makes C. carries D. constitutes 10. A. refuse B. goods C. requirements D. rubble 11. A. manufacture B. plant C. factory D. industry 12. A. degree B. value C. demand D. effect 13. A. measure B. mechanism C. method D. medium 14. A. desired B. argued C. favored D. presented 15. A. conversion B. melting C. change D. replacement Part 2: Read the following text and then fill in each gap with ONE suitable word. (10 points) I was reading an article last week in (1)__which_ the writer described (2) _how__ her children has changed as they (3)_grow_ up. When they were small she had to (4)_put__ up with noisy games in the house, or join in interminable games of football in the garden which (5)__wore__ her out. If the house went quiet, she wondered what the monsters were getting up to, or what crisis she would have to (6)_deal__ with next. She dreaded the fact that they might (7)_took__ after her husband, who admitted having (8)__been__ an uncontrollable child who (9)_spent__ most of the time showing off to his friends by breaking things or getting into fights. What was worse was that (10)__everyone_ else thought he was a sweet child, and he got away with the most terrible things! However, she had experienced an even greater shocked with her children. They had (11)_grown__ out of all their naughty behavior, and (12)__taken__ up serious hobbies (13)__such_ as chess and playing the piano. They never did anything without (14)__talking__ it over first, and coming to a serious decision. She had to face up to the fact that they made her feel rather childish as they got (15)_older__, and that in some ways she preferred them when they were young and noisy. Part 3: The paragraphs of the magazine article are in the wrong order. Number the paragraphs (A, B, C, D, E) (5 points)
  6. 4. A. On the ghost of Chaffin’s second visit to his son, he told him that he would find a will in the overcoat pocket. The coat was actually in the possession of the third brother. 2. B. In 1921, a certain James Chaffin died, leaving his entire fortune to his third son, Marshal, in a will which had been written a full fifteen years earlier, in 1905, and signed in front of witnesses. His wife and two other sons were virtually cut off without a penny. Marshal was not inclined to split up the inheritance he had come into any more fairly. 5 .C. Once it was found, they came across a note sewn in the lining of one of the pockets saying they should look in an old family Bible. This Bible was found in the keeping of Chaffin’s widow and examined in front of independent witnesses. Sure enough, there in the Bible they discovered a later version of the will, one which divided the property and money evenly between the widow and the three sons. The will appeared to be genuine and Marshal was not prepared to challenge it in court. 1. D. Some people believe that the dead still keep in touch with us through our dreams. One of the most famous and extraordinary cases of contact with the dead was the so-called Chaffin Will affair. 3. E. Four years went by and then, strangely, James Chaffin’s ghost started to appear before one of his other two sons. The apparition had on an old overcoat which had often worn in life. III. WRITING Part 1: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means exactly the same as the sentence printed before it. (20 points) 1. Immediately after his appointment to the post, the new editor fell ill. Scarcely (had he been appointed to the post when the new editor fell ill.) 2. I left without saying goodbye as I didn’t want to disturb the meeting. Rather than disturb the meeting, I left without saying goodbye 3. The value of sterling has fallen considerably in the past week. There has . been a considerable fall in the value of sterling in the past week 4. The only reason the party was a success was that a famous film star attended. Had it not . been for the attendance of a famous film star the party would not have been a success 5. Harriet was upset because she saw Peter with another woman. It was . because she saw Peter with another woman that Harriet was upset / that upset Harriet 6. We regret to inform you that your application has not been successful. Much to our regret we have to inform you that your application has not been successful 7. People no longer smoke so many cigarettes as they used to. The . smoking of cigarettes is no longer as popular as it used to be 8. Their relationship was doomed because of their incompatibility. Had . they not been incompatible, their relationship might not have been doomed 9. You should admit that you are to blame, not to conceal it. I’d rather you admitted that you’re to blame, and didn’t try to conceal it 10. If she had been less determined she wouldn’t have been able to get better so quickly. It was her determination which enabled her to get better so quickly