Đề luyện thi vào Lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh - Đề 84 (Có đáp án)

Read the passage and choose the correct answer to  each of the questions.

       In the world today, particular in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is the big news. People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment. Recycling means finding ways to use products a second time. The motto of the recycling movement is “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle”.

       The first step is to reduce garbage. In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings. A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box and a bag. All that packaging is wasted resources. People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils. Another way to reduce waste is to buy high-quality products. When low-quality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy. For example, if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message. In the same way, if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers. To reduce garbage, the throw-away must stop.

       The second step is to reuse. It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles. After customers empty the bottles, they return them to the stores. The manufacturers of the drinks collect bottles, wash them, and then fill them again. The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is saved. In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice. In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throw-away bottles.

       The third step being environmentally sensitive is to recycle. Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again. Aluminum cans are expensive to make. It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three hours. When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of the world’s

precious resources.   

6.    It is a waste when customers buy low-quality products because _______. 

       A. they will soon throw them away                             B. they have to be repaired many times                

       C. customers always change their idea                        D. they are very cheap                . 

7.    The word “motto” is closest in meaning to _______. 

       A. meaning                        B. belief                             C. value                             D. reference 

8.    People can do the following to reduce waste EXCEPT _______. 

       A. buy high-quality products   B. buy simply-wrapped things   C. buy more hamburgers          D. reuse cups                                           

9.    What is the topic of the passage?

       A. How to reduce garbage disposal.                            B. How to live sensitively to the environment.     

       C. What is involved in the recycling movement.        D. What people understand the term “recycle”.

10.  Which area is considered one of the most industrialized?

       A. South America.             B. Europe.                         C. Middle East.                 D. Asia.          

11.  The word “practice” is closest in meaning to _______. 

       A. training                         B. exercise                         C. belief                             D. deed           

12.  What does the word “sensitive” means?

       A. friendly.                        B. cautious.                       C. logical.                          D. responding.                   

13.  What best describe the process of reuse?

       A. The bottles are collected, washed, returned and filled again.

       B. The bottles are washed, returned filled again and collected.

       C. The bottles are collected, returned, filled again and washed.

       D. The bottles are filled again after being returned, collected and washed.

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  1. ENGLISH TEST 84 Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following sentences. 1. I will communicate with you as soon as I have any news. A. be related B. be interested in C. get in touch D. have connection 2. He is an honest man. You can rely on him to do a good job. A. take in B. count on C. base on D. put up with 3. We’ll have to use the restrooms on the next floor because the ones on this floor are not in working condition. A. out of work B. run out of C. out of order D. torn down 4. “Please speak up a bit more, Jason. You’re hardly loud enough to be heard from the back”, the teacher said. A. visible B. edible C. eligible D. audible 5. I couldn’t see what she was doing. It was so dark down there. A. make out B. make up C. make for D. make from Read the passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions. In the world today, particular in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is the big news. People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment. Recycling means finding ways to use products a second time. The motto of the recycling movement is “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle”. The first step is to reduce garbage. In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings. A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box and a bag. All that packaging is wasted resources. People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils. Another way to reduce waste is to buy high-quality products. When low-quality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy. For example, if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message. In the same way, if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers. To reduce garbage, the throw- away must stop. The second step is to reuse. It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles. After customers empty the bottles, they return them to the stores. The manufacturers of the drinks collect bottles, wash them, and then fill them again. The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is saved. In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice. In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throw-away bottles. The third step being environmentally sensitive is to recycle. Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again. Aluminum cans are expensive to make. It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three hours. When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of the world’s precious resources. 6. It is a waste when customers buy low-quality products because ___. A. they will soon throw them away B. they have to be repaired many times C. customers always change their idea D. they are very cheap . 7. The word “motto” is closest in meaning to ___. A. meaning B. belief C. value D. reference 8. People can do the following to reduce waste EXCEPT ___. A. buy high-quality products B. buy simply-wrapped things C. buy more hamburgers D. reuse cups 9. What is the topic of the passage? A. How to reduce garbage disposal. B. How to live sensitively to the environment. C. What is involved in the recycling movement. D. What people understand the term “recycle”. 10. Which area is considered one of the most industrialized? A. South America. B. Europe. C. Middle East. D. Asia. 11. The word “practice” is closest in meaning to ___. A. training B. exercise C. belief D. deed 12. What does the word “sensitive” means? A. friendly. B. cautious. C. logical. D. responding. 13. What best describe the process of reuse? A. The bottles are collected, washed, returned and filled again. B. The bottles are washed, returned filled again and collected. C. The bottles are collected, returned, filled again and washed. D. The bottles are filled again after being returned, collected and washed. 14. What are the two things mentioned as examples of recycling? A. Aluminum cans and spent motor oil. B. Hamburger wrappings and spent motor oil. C. Aluminum cans and plastic wrappings. D. TV sets and aluminum cans. 15. Garbage dumps in some areas have relatively little glass and plastic because ___.
  2. A. people are ordered to return bottles B. returned bottles are few C. few bottles are made of glass or plastic D. each returned bottle is paid Choose the correct answer to each of the following sentences. 16. Having been served lunch, ___ . A. it was discussed by the committee members the problem B. the problem was discussed by the members of the committee C. the committee members discussed the problem D. a discussion of the problem was made by the members of the committee 17. New sources of energy are constantly being looked for ___. A. although fossil fuels continue to dwindle B. fossil fuels continuing to dwindle C. so that we continue to reduce fossil fuels D. as fossil fuels continue to dwindle 18. ___, he would have come to class on time. A. If Mike could get up early B. If Mike was able to get up early C. Had Mike got up earlier D. Unless Mike had got up early 19. ___ is the price of this car . A. What interested in us B. What we are interested in C. That interested us D. That we are interested in 20. Such ___ that we all felt numb. A. a cold weather was B. was a cold weather C. cold the weather D. was cold weather Choose the correct answer to each of the following sentences. 21. As I was ___ of the change in the program, I arrived half an hour late for the rehearsal. A. unconscious B. unable C. unaware D. unreasonable 22. ___ I didn’t know how to do the job. But now I am making progress. A. At first B. First C. First of all D. At the first 23. My uncle is in ___ of 60 engineers and workers. A. management B. charge C. leadership D. direction 24. I’d rather you ___ for me here. A. wait B. waited C. to wait D. waiting 25. He ___ the plants. If he had, they wouldn't have died. A. couldn't water B. needn't have watered C. can't have watered D. shouldn't water 26. -Peter: "Would you like a beer?" - David: "Not while I’m ___ ." A. in the act B. on duty C. in order D. under control 27. They decided to ___ their differences and became friends. A. take on B. give away C. go over D. put aside 28. -Janet: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?” -Susan: "___ .” A. You’re welcome B. I feel very bored C. That would be great D. I don't agree, I'm afraid 29. Tom. "Thank you for your help." - Mary. "___ ." A. With all my heart B. Never mind me C. Wish you D. It’s my pleasure 30. On ___ he had won, he jumped up for joy. A. he was told B. being told C. having told D. telling 31. Unemployment ___ by 5 percent since the beginning of the year. A. has risen B. rose C. has raised D. was raised 32. No one died in the accident, ___ ? A. did he B. did they C. didn’t he D. didn’t they 33. There's a good film ___ town. A. on in B. at C. over D. in on 34. You have a good feeling about yourself and ___ when you volunteer. A. the others B. others C. other D. the other 35. There was no ___ in waiting longer than an hour so we left. A. use B. worth C. good D. point 36. There was nothing they could do ___ leave the car at the roadside where it had broken down. A. than B. unless C. but D. instead of 37. -A: “Excuse me, is anybody sitting here?” - B: “___.” A. Yes, I am so glad B. No, thanks. C. Sorry, the seat is taken D. Yes, yes. You can sit here. 38. Jump in the car. There’s enough ___ for you. A. place B. space C. room D. chair 39. Jane: “ ___ " – David: "Thanks. I’ll write to you when I arrive there." A. Have a good trip B. Good luck C. Have a go D. Good bye
  3. 40. She accepted the job ___ the salary, which was rather low. A. although B. despite C. because of D. inspite 41. The information is strictly ___ and should not be discussed in public. A. exact B. believable C. valuable D. secret 42. The concert was ___ because of the heavy rain. A. put out B. run out C. set off D. called off 43. His father is a bank manager, ___ makes him easy to have a good job. A. whom B. which C. who D. that 44. His father left New York. The doctor suggested he ___ there. A. not stay B. not stayed C. didn’t stay D. not go to stay 45. Where can I get a good rate of ___ for my money? A. deposit B. capital C. credit D. interest Choose the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following sentences. 46. I only recognized him when he came into the light. A. Only when I recognized him, he came into the light. B. Not until he came into the light I did recognize him C. It wasn’t until he came into the light that I recognized him D. I did not recognize him even when he came into the light. 47. You are all welcome to take any food you like . A. Please help yourselves to any food you like. B. Any food welcome to take if you like. C. It’s my pleasure to take any food you like. D. You don’t have to pay for any food that you like. 48. Jane refused to attend his birthday party, which made him feel sad. A. He felt sad not be able to attend her birthday party. B. Jane’s refusal to attend his birthday party made him feel sad. C. Jane made him sad despite her refusal to attend his birthday party. D. Jane refused to attend his birthday party because it made him sad. 49. The mistake in the accounts was not noticed until the figures were re-checked. A. When the figures were re-checked, they came to light the mistake in the accounts. B. The mistake in the accounts only came to light when the figures were re-checked. C. Once re-checking the figures, the mistake in the accounts was noticed. D. It was not until the mistake in the accounts was noticed that the figures were checked. 50. In spite of heavy rain, my brother went to work. A. In spite it rained heavily, my brother went to work. B. Though rain was heavily, my brother went to work. C. Although it rained heavily, my brother went to work. D. Despite it rained heavily, my brother went to work. Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following sentences. 51. They are known that colds can be avoided by eating the right kind of food and taking exercise regularly. A B C D 52. There are many different ways of comparing the economy of one nation with those of another. A B C D 53. There are many researches show that various species of animals have been extinct. A B C D 54. I strongly object the idea of students in the final year working part-time jobs. A B C D 55. Most doctors agree that it is not good for patients to lay in bed without exercising. A B C D Read the following passage and choose the correct answer to each of the questions. Recent technological advances in manned and unmanned vehicles, along with breakthroughs in satellite technology and computer equipment, have overcome some of the limitations of divers and diving equipment for scientists doing research on the great oceans of the world. Without a vehicle, divers often became sluggish, and their mental concentration was severely limited. Because undersea pressure affects their speech organs, communication among divers has always been difficult or impossible. But today, most oceanographers avoid the use of vulnerable human divers, preferring to reduce the risk to human life and make direct obervations by means of instruments that are lowered into the ocean, from samples take from the water, or from photographs made by orbiting satellites. Direct observations of the ocean floor can be made not only by divers but also by deep-diving submarines in the water and even by the technology of sophisticated aerial photgraphy from vantage points above the surface of more than seven miles and cruise at depths of fifteen thousand feet. In addition, radio-equipped buoys can be operated by remote control in order to transmit data back to land-based laboratories via satellite. Particularly important for ocean study are data about water temperature, currents, and weather. Satellite photographs can show the
  4. distribution of sea ice, oil slicks, and cloud formations over the ocean. Maps created from satellite pictures can represent the temperature and the color of the ocean’s surface, enabling researchers to study the ocean currents from laboratories on dry land. Furthermore, computers help oceanographers to collect, organize, and analyze data from submarines and satellites. By creating a model of the ocean’s movement and characteristics, scientists can predict the patterns and possible effects of the ocean on the enviroment. Recently, many oceanographers have been relying more on satellites and computers than on research ships or even submarine vehicles because they can supply a greater range of information more quickly and more effectively. Some of humankind’s most serious problems, especially those concerning energy and food, may be solved with the help of observations made possible by this new technology. 56. Which of the following are NOT shown in satellite photographs? A. A model of the ocean’s movements. B. Cloud formations over the ocean. C. The temperature of the ocean’s surface. D. The location of sea ice. 57. The words “those” refers to ___. A. vehicles B. ships C. problems D. computers 58. With what topic is the passage primarily converned? A. Technological advances in oceanography. B. Direct observation of the ocean floor. C. Undersea vehicles. D. Communication among drivers. 59. The word “sluggish” is closest in meaning to ___. A. slow moving B. very weak C. nervous D. confused 60. The word “cruise” could best be replaced by ___. A. function without problems B. travel at a constant speed C. stay in communication D. remain still 61. Undersea vehicles ___. A. have the same limitations that divers have B. are too small for a man to fit inside C. are very slow to respond D. make direct observations of the ocean floor 62. This passage suggests that the successful exploration of the ocean depends upon ___. A. controlling currents and the weather B. vehicles as well as divers C. radios that divers use to communicate D. the limitations of diving equipment 63. Divers have had problems in communicating underwater because ___. A. they did not pronounce clearly B. the water destroyed their speech organs C. the vehicles they used have not been perfected D. the pressure affected their speech organs 64. The word “data” is closest in meaing to ___. A. samples B. photographs C. articles D. information 65. How is a radio-quipped buoy operated? A. by operators outside the vehicle on a diving platform. B. By operators outside the vehicle on ship. C. by operators outside the vehicle in a laboratory on shore. D. by operators inside the vehicle in the part underwater. Choose the word that differs from the rest in the stress pattern in each of the following words. 66. A. discriminate B. enthusiast C. admiration D. minority 67. A. essential B. industry C. embarrass D. develop 68. A. particular B. primitive C. continuous D. connected 69. A. explain B. involve C. control D. purpose 70. A. automatic B. familiar C. responsible D. environment Read the following passage and choose the correct word for each of the blanks. Nearly 200 of the 1500 native plant species in Hawaii are at risk of going extinct in the near future because they have been (71) ___ to such low numbers. Approximately 90 percent of Hawaii's plants are found nowhere else in the world but they are (72) ___ by alien invasive species such as feral goats, pigs, rodents and (73) ___ plants. The Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Group is striving to (74) ___ the extinction of the 182 rare Hawaiian plants with fewer than 50 individuals remaining in the (75) ___ . Since 1990, (76) ___ a result of their "Plant Extinction Prevention Program", sixteen species have been brought into (77) ___ and three species have been reintroduced. Invasive weeds have been removed in key areas and fencing put up in order to (78) ___ plants in the wild. In the future the Hawaii Rare Plant Restoration Program aims (79) ___ collecting genetic material from the remaining plants in the wild for storage as a safety net for the future. They also aim to manage wild populations and where possible reintroduce species into (80) ___ . 71. A. reduced B. increased C. disappeared D. developed 72. A. guarded B. invested C. threatened D . conserved 73. A. national B. native C. non-native D. international 74. A. encourage B. stimulate C. influence D. prevent 75. A. atmosphere B. hole C. sky D. wild
  5. 76. A. so B. as C. due D. but 77. A. contamination B. cultivation C. production D. generation 78. A. derive B. vary C. protect D. remain 79. A. for B. with C. on D. at 80. A. reserves B. shelters C. gardens D. halls