Đề luyện thi vào Lớp 10 chuyên Tiếng Anh - Đề 89 (Có đáp án)

Read the following passage and choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks 

What is meant by the term economic resources? In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the (31) _________of goods and services. Economic resources can be broken down into (32) _________ general categories: property resource – land and capital, and human resources – labor and entrepreneurial skills.

What do economists mean (33) __________land? Much more than the non-economist, land refers to all the natural resources (34) ________ are usable in the production process: arable land, forests, mineral and oil deposits, and (35)__________ on. What about capital? Capital goods are all the man-made aids to producing, storing, transporting, and distributing goods and (36) __________. Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that (37) __________ satisfy wants directly, while the former do so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods. It should be noted that capital as defined here does not (38) ___________ to money. Money, as such, produces nothing.

The term labor refers to the physical and mental talents of humans used to produce goods and services (with the exception of a certain set of human talents, entrepreneurial skills, which will be considered separately because of their special significance). Thus the services of a factory worker or an office worker, a ballet (39) ___________ or an astronaut all fall (40) __________ the general heading of labor.

31: A. doing                                      B. plant                          C. using                          D. production

32: A. some                                                                              B. many                          C. two         D. six

33: A. with                                        B. calling                        C. using                          D. by

34: A. these                                        B. they                           C. what                          D. that

35: A. such                                        B. go                              C. come                          D. so

36: A. crops                                       B. services                      C. machines                    D. money

37: A. the latter                                 B. lately                          C. the latest                    D. later

38: A. speak                                      B. refer                           C. come                          D. go

39: A. director                                   B. dancer                        C. performance              D. writer

40: A. from B. to                               C. under                         D. into

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  1. ENGLISH TEST 89 Choose the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions 1: A. entrepreneur B. extracurricular C. autobiographyD. disciplinary 2: A. elaborately B. flamingo C. embryo D. gazelle 3: A. e-book B. quick-witted C. in-depth D. white-collar Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation 4: A. markedly B. cooked C. punished D. laughed 5: A. recollect B. restore C. preface D. predator Choose the correct answer to each of the following questions. 6: ___ giraffe is the tallest of all ___animals. A. A/ ø B. ø/ the C. The/ ø D. A/ the 7: By the year 2050, many people currently employed ___ their jobs. A. have lost B. will be losing C. will have lost D. are losing 8: He may be shy now, but he will soon come out of his ___ when he meets the right girl. A. shoe B. shell C. shed D. hole 9: She had just enough time to ___ the report before the meeting. A. dip into B. get through C. turn round D. go into 10: We’d better phone ___ the restaurant to reserve a table. A. at B. ø C. to D. for 11: He was a natural singer with a voice that was as clear as___. giaoandethitienganh.info A. a water fall B. a mirror C. a bell D. a lake 12: “What do you do for a living?” – “___.” A. I work in a bank B. I get a high salary, you know. C. I want to be a doctor, I guess D. It’s hard work, you know. 13: Governments shoud ___ international laws against terrorism. A. bring in B. bring up C. bring about D. bring back 14: The documentary was so ___ that many viewers cried. A. touchy B. moody C. moved D. touching 15: Joe, remember that I’m ___ you to see that there’s no trouble at the party on Sunday. A. relying on B. waiting for C. believing in D. depending on 16: Space travel seemed ___ but it has come true now. A. unthinkable B. unable C. disbelievable D. disagreeable 17: In 1975, the successful space probe to ___ beginning to send information back to earth. A. Venus it was B. Venus C. Venus was D. Venus the 18: A cooperative program between China and Germany on building Yangzhow, a famous ancient city, into a(n) ___ city has proceeded smoothly since it started in September last year. A. ecology-friendly B. friendly ecology C. friendly-ecological D. ecological- friendly 19: The city has ___ of young consumers who are sensitive to trends, and can, therefore, help industries predict the potential risks and success of products. A. a high tendency B. a high rate C. a high proportion D. a great level 20: He left the country ___ arrest if he returned. A. with fear of B. under threat of C. with threat of D. in fear of 21: With competition from ___ the British coal industry is facing a serious ___. A. imports/ crisis B. imports/ crises C. import/ crisis D. import/ crises 22: Students can ___ a lot of information just by attending class and taking good notes of the lectures. A. provide B. transmit C. read D. absorb 23: Some ___ back workers were working hard in the sunshine.
  2. A. empty B. vacant C. bare D. naked 24: She brought three children up ___. A. single-handedly B. single-minded C. single-mindedly D. single-handed 25: “Jane is really conscientious, isn’t she?” “Absolutely. ___, she is very efficient” A. What is more B. So C. All the same D. Still 26: “Excuse me. I’m your new neighbor. I just moved in.” “___.” A. Where to, sir? B. Sorry, I don’t know C. Oh, I don’t think so D. I’m afraid not 27: I know you didn’t see me yesterday because I was in Hanoi. You ___ me. A. may not have seen B. mustn’t have seen C. shouldn’t have seen D. can’t have seen 28: Simple sails were made from canvas ___ over a frame. A. was stretched B. a stretch C. it was stretched D. stretched 29: -“I’m going out now.” - “___ you happen to pass a chemist’s, would you get me some aspirins?” A. Were B. Had C. Did D. Should 30: “Have you ___ this contract yet?” - “Not yet. I’ll try to read it this weekend. A. looked up B. looked over C. looked into D. looked out Read the following passage and choose the word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks What is meant by the term economic resources? In general, these are all the natural, man-made, and human resources that go into the (31) ___of goods and services. Economic resources can be broken down into (32) ___ general categories: property resource – land and capital, and human resources – labor and entrepreneurial skills. What do economists mean (33) ___land? Much more than the non-economist, land refers to all the natural resources (34) ___ are usable in the production process: arable land, forests, mineral and oil deposits, and (35)___ on. What about capital? Capital goods are all the man-made aids to producing, storing, transporting, and distributing goods and (36) ___. Capital goods differ from consumer goods in that (37) ___ satisfy wants directly, while the former do so indirectly by facilitating the production of consumer goods. It should be noted that capital as defined here does not (38) ___ to money. Money, as such, produces nothing. The term labor refers to the physical and mental talents of humans used to produce goods and services (with the exception of a certain set of human talents, entrepreneurial skills, which will be considered separately because of their special significance). Thus the services of a factory worker or an office worker, a ballet (39) ___ or an astronaut all fall (40) ___ the general heading of labor. 31: A. doing B. plant C. using D. production 32: A. some B. many C. two D. six 33: A. with B. calling C. using D. by 34: A. these B. they C. what D. that 35: A. such B. go C. come D. so 36: A. crops B. services C. machines D. money 37: A. the latter B. lately C. the latest D. later 38: A. speak B. refer C. come D. go 39: A. director B. dancer C. performance D. writer 40: A. from B. to C. under D. into Choose the word or phrase closest in meaning to the underlined word(s) 41: I used to meet him occasionally on Fifth Avenue. giaoandethitienganh.info A. in one occasion B. once in a while C. one time D. none is correct 42: Biogas can be utilized for electricity production, cooking, space heating, water heating and process heating. A. increase B. sparing C. generation D. reformation 43: We spent the entire day looking for a new apartment. A. the long day B. all long day C. day after day D. all day long
  3. Choose the word(s) opposite in meaning to the underlined word(s) 44: During the five-decade history the Asian Games have been advancing in all aspects. A. holding to B. holding back C. holding at D. holding by 45: She decided to remain celibate and devote her life to helping the homeless and orphans. A. divorced B. married C. single D. separated Choose the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions 46: Some of the agricultural (A) practices (B) used today (C) is responsible for (D) fostering desertification. 47: A 1971 U.S (A) government policy not only put (B) warnings on cigarette packs but also (C) ban television (D) advertising of cigarettes. 48: Snapping turtles are (A) easily recognized (B) because of the large head, the long tail and the shell that seems (C) unsufficiently (D) to protect the body. 49: In the 1920s, Tulsa had a (A) higher number of (B) millionaire than any (C) other U.S. (D) city. 50: Because of (A) its ability to survive (B) close to human habitations, the Virginia deer (C) has actually increased (D) their range and numbers. Read the following passage and choose the answer to each of the questions Quite different from storm surges are the giant sea waves called tsunamis, which derive their name from the Japanese expression for “high water in a harbor.” These waves are also referred to by the general public as tidal waves, although they have relatively little to do with tides. Scientists often referred to them as seismic sea waves, far more appropriate in that they do result from undersea seismic activity. Tsunamis are caused when the sea bottom suddenly moves, during an underwater earthquake or volcano for example, and the water above the moving earth is suddenly displaced. This sudden shift of water sets off a series of waves. These waves can travel great distances at speeds close to 700 kilometers per hour. In the open ocean, tsunamis have little noticeable amplitude, often no more than one or two meters. It is when they hit the shallow waters near the coast that they increase in height, possibly up to 40 meters. Tsunamis often occur in the Pacific because the Pacific is an area of heavy seismic activity. Two areas of the Pacific well accustomed to the threat of tsunamis are Japan and Hawaii. Because the seismic activity that causes tsunamis in Japan often occurs on the ocean bottom quite close to the islands, the tsunamis that hit Japan often come with little warning and can, therefore, prove disastrous. Most of the tsunamis that hit the Hawaiian Islands, however, originate thousands of miles away near the coast of Alaska, so these tsunamis have a much greater distance to travel and the inhabitants of Hawaii generally have time for warning of their imminent arrival. Tsunamis are certainly not limited to Japan and Hawaii. In 1755, Europe experienced a calamitous tsunami, when movement along the fault lines near the Azores caused a massive tsunami to sweep onto the Portuguese coast and flood the heavily populated area around Lisbon. The greatest tsunami on record occurred on the other side of the world in 1883 when the Krakatoa volcano underwent a massive explosion, sending waves more than 30 meters high onto nearby Indonesian islands; the tsunami from this volcano actually traveled around the world and was witnessed as far away as the English Channel. 51: The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses A. tides B. storm surges C. tidal waves D. underwater earthquakes 52: According to the passage, all of the following are true about tidal waves EXCEPT that A. they are caused by sudden changes in high and low tides B. this terminology is not used by the scientific community C. they are the same as tsunamis D. they refer to the same phenomenon as seismic sea waves 53: The word “displaced” in line 7 is closest in meaning to A. not pleased B. located C. moved D. filtered 54: It can be inferred from the passage that tsunamis A. are often identified by ships on the ocean B. generally reach heights greater than 40 meters
  4. C. are far more dangerous on the coast than in the open ocean D. cause severe damage in the middle of the ocean 55: In line 10, water that is “shallow” is NOT A. deep B. coastal C. tidal D. clear 56: A main difference between tsunamis in Japan and in Hawaii is that tsunamis in Japan are more likely to A. come from greater distances B. originate in Alaska C. arrive without warning D. be less of a problem 57: The possessive “their” in line 18 refers to A. the Hawaiian Islands B. these tsunamis C. thousands of miles D. the inhabitants of Hawaii 58: A “calamitous” tsunami, in line 20, is one that is A. disastrous B. expected C. extremely calm D. at fault 59: From the expression “on record” in line 22, it can be inferred that the tsunami that accompanied the Krakatoa volcano A. was filmed as it was happening B. occurred before efficient records were kept C. was not as strong as the tsunami in Lisbon D. might not be the greatest tsunami ever 60: The passage suggests that the tsunami resulting from the Krakatoa volcano A. was unobserved outside of the Indonesian islands B. resulted in little damage C. was far more destructive close to the source than far away D. caused volcanic explosions in the English Channel Read the following passage and choose the answer to each of the questions from 61 to 70. Esperanto is what is called a planned, or artificial, language. It was created more than a century ago by Polish eye doctor Ludwik Lazar Zamenhof. Zamenhof believed that a common language would help to alleviate some of the misunderstandings among cultures. giaoandethitienganh.info In Zamenhof’s first attempt at a universal language, he tried to create a language that was as uncomplicated as possible. This first language included words such as ab, ac, ba, eb, be, and ce. This did not result in a workable language in that these monosyllabic words, though short, were not easy to understand or to retain. Next, Zamenhof tried a different way of constructing a simplified language. He made the words in his language sound like words that people already knew, but he simplified the grammar tremendously. One example of how he simplified the language can be seen in the suffixes: all nouns in this language end in o, as in the noun amiko, which means “friend”, and all adjectives end in -a, as in the adjective bela, which means “pretty”. Another example of the simplified language can be seen in the prefix mal-, which makes a word opposite in meaning; the word malamiko therefore means “enemy”, and the word malbela therefore means “ugly” in Zamenhof’s language. In 1887, Zamenhof wrote a description of this language and published it. He used a pen name, Dr. Esperanto, when signing the book. He selected the name Esperanto because this word means “a person who hopes” in his language. Esperanto clubs began popping up throughout Europe, and by 1950, Esperanto had spread from Europe to America and Asia. In 1905, the First World Congress of Esperanto took place in France, with approximately700 attendees from 20 different countries. Congresses were held annually for nine years, and 4,000 attendees were registered for the Tenth World Esperanto Congress scheduled for 1914, when World War I erupted and forced its cancellation. Esperanto has had its ups and downs in the period since World War I. Today, years after it was introduced, it is estimated that perhaps a quarter of a million people are fluent in it. This may seem like a large number, but it is really quite small when compared with the billion English speakers and billion Mandarin Chinese speakers in today’s world. Current advocates would like to see its use grow considerably and are taking steps to try to make this happen. 61: The topic of this passage is
  5. A. a language developed in the last few years B. one man’s efforts to create a universal language C. using language to communicate internationally D. how language can be improve 62: According to the passage, Zamenhof wanted to create a universal language A. to provide a more complex language B. to create one world culture C. to resolve cultural differences D. to build a name for himself 63: It can be inferred from the passage that the Esperanto word malespera means A. hopelessness B. hopeless C. hope D. hopeful 64: The expression “popping up” in line 17 could best be replaced by A. hiding B. shouting C. leaping D. opening 65: It can be inferred from the passage that the Third World Congress of Esperanto took place A. in 1909 B. in 1907 C. in 1913 D. in 1905 66: According to the passage, what happened to the Tenth World Esperanto Congress? A. It was scheduled for 1915 B. It had attendees from20 countries C. It never took place D. It had 4,000 attendees 67: The expression “ups and downs” in line 23 is closest in meaning to A. takeoffs and landings B. floors and ceilings C. highs and lows D. tops and bottoms 68: Which paragraph describes the predecessor to Esperanto? A. The first paragraph B. The second paragraph C. The third paragraph D. The fourth paragraph 69: The passage would most likely be assigned reading in a course on A. applied linguistics B. European history C. English grammar D. world government 70: The paragraph following the passage most likely discusses A. another of Zamenhof’s accomplishments B. attempts to reconvene the World Congress of Esperanto in the 1920s C. the disadvantages of using an artificial language D. how current supporters of Esperanto are encouraging its growth Choose the sentence that is correct and closest in meaning to each of the following sentences 71: There are two interesting things I found in The Last Leaf by O. Henry in addition to the general theme of death and dying. A. The general theme of death and dying is the most interesting thing I found in The Last Leaf by O. Henry. B. In The Last Leaf by O. Henry two interesting things about death and dying are additional themes I found. C. The general theme of death and dying is what I found interesting in The Last Leaf by O. Henry besides the other two things. D. The general theme of death and dying is one interesting thing I found in The Last Leaf by O. Henry. 72: Some scientists think that a meteor impact, which occurred around 65 million years ago, may have caused the extinction of the dinasaurs. A. Some scientists reckon that the impact of a meteor that struck Earth some 65 million years ago need not have caused the extinction of the dinosaurs. B. In the opinion of some scientists, the extinction of the dinosaurs could have been the result of the impact of a meteor which occurred roughly 65 million years ago. C. According to some scientists, the extinction of the dinosaurs was caused by a meteor that struck Earth 65 million or so years ago. D. The extinction of the dinosaurs could only have been caused by a meteor impact that occurred some 65 million years ago. 73: Although it is not a threat to humans, the Bespectacled Bear is killed as it does damage to agriculture. A. The Bespectacled Bear is killed although it is neither a threat to humans nor damage to agriculture. B. The Bespectacled Bear is killed as it does damage to agriculture and is a threat to humans. C. People kill the Bespectacled Bear because of its damage to agriculture even though it is not a threat to humans.
  6. D. As a threat to human and damage to agriculture, the Bespectacled Bear is killed. 74: When he asked which one I wanted, I said I didn’t mind. A. He wanted me to choose for him and I agreed to do so. B. He said I could choose between them, but I said it didn’t matter to me. C. It was up to me to choose between them, but I really didn’t want to. D. I would have done the choosing if they had asked me to. 75: Many have said that if he had not needed the money as a writer, he would have had the freedom to explore his potential. A. It has been said that without his need for money as a writer, he would have explored the freedom of his potential. B. Many have said that it was the need for money that made him explore his potential. C. Many have said that he needed money as a writer more than his freedom to explore his potential. D. It has been said that because he needed the money as a writer, he didn’t have the freedom to explore his potential. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet that best completes each sentence from 76 to 80. 76: ___ that hunted other animals tended to have very narrow, sharp, curved claws. A. For dinosaurs B. Like dinosaurs C. Dinosaurs are known D. Dinosaurs 77: For more than a decade, ___ that certain species are becoming scarce. A. a warning for bird-watchers B. warn the bird-watcher C. the warnings of bird-watchers D. bird-watchers have warned 78: Manufacturers can help conserve mineral and timber supplies ___. A. recycling materials which left over from production processes B. that recycles materials being left over from production processes C. which recycling materials left over from production processes D. by recycling materials left over from production processes 79: ___ at the Isthmus of Panama, so animals were able to migrate between North and South America. A. With a land bridge B. A land bridge C. A land bridge existed D. When a land bridge existed 80: Only for a short period of time ___ run at top speed. A. can B. cheetahs C. that a cheetah can D. do cheetahs